Notes from tafsir audio: Tafsir of al Fatihah by Mufti Menk
Ar rahman ir raheem:
This ayah is very powerful and consists of only two words. both coming from the root of rahma. Islam is a religion based on mercy & there is nothing hidden in Islam, there are answers for everything. No punishment is mentioned in this surah at all.
The difference between Ar Rahman and Ar Raheem: The mercy of Ar Rahman encompasses all creatures, non muslims, everything. Ar Raheem is a “vip mercy” for mu2mins only. “wa kaana bil mu2mineena ra7eema”
the message of the entire quran is included in this surah, also known as “umm ul kitaab”. Some of punishment is also from mercy, in the same way that we discapline a child out of love. If not for warnings of punishment we would probably chose to go astray. Eemaan is between hope and fear.
This surah is repeated so many times, so this is a reminder of mercy as adhab is not mentioned but mercy is mentioned.
He recites some other ayahs about mercy including:
3:135 And those who, having done something to be ashamed of, or wronged their own souls, earnestly bring Allah to mind, and ask for forgiveness for their sins,- and who can forgive sins except Allah.- and are never obstinate in persisting knowingly in (the wrong) they have done.
39:53 Say: “O my Servants who have transgressed against their souls! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah. for Allah forgives all sins: for He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful
Maaliki yawm id deen
Owner of the day of judgement. The owner of place means you can allow people to feel comfortable or not. Allah is always the owner of everything, but on the Day of Judgment it is manifest.
Allah describes that all the voices will be silenced on that day for His sake, and only who He permits will be able to speak.
By reading this verse automatically we are confirming our Eemaan.
The difference between eemaan and islam is that islam refers generally to the 5 pillars which you can see, whereas eemaan refers to 6 or 7 pillars which you can not see rather they are in the heart.
By saying Allah is Maaliki yawm id deen then you are showing you believe in the day of Judgment, and believing in this you are confirming that you are answerable to Allah. So there is alot of power in this ayah.
Allah responds to this and says My Worshipper has declared my greatness.
Whatever deed we do we must ask our selves can we have a response to Allah when He asks me about this on yawm al qiyaamah? That is true belief in this day. We should not be very judgmental to people because Allah has set aside this day and He will judge the people not us to judge others now and think ourselves better.
He reads some ayahs including:
5:105 O ye who believe! Guard your own souls: If ye follow (right) guidance, no hurt can come to you from those who stray. the goal of you all is to Allah. it is He that will show you the truth of all that ye do.
59:18 O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and let every soul look to what (provision) He has sent forth for the morrow. Yea, fear Allah. for Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.
99:7 Then shall anyone who has done an atom’s weight of good, see it!
99:8 And anyone who has done an atom’s weight of evil, shall see it.