Archive for January, 2009

Ibn Abbas said:

“No one may taste true faith except by this (i.e. building relationships for Allah’s sake), even if his prayers and fasts are many. People have come to build their relationship around the concerns of the world, but it will not benefit them in any way.”

Abu Dawood and at-Tirmithi

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Ibn `Abbas [may Allah be pleased with him] said:

“Indeed good actions are a light in the heart,
a strengthening for the body,
a glow on the face,
a cause for extensive provisions and
love in the hearts of the creation.

Indeed bad actions are a darkness in the heart,
a blackness on the face,
a weakness for the body,
a cause for decrease in provisions and
hatred in the hearts of the creation.”

as mentioned by ibn al-Qayyim [rahimahullah] in al Jawab al Kafi.

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حدثنا ‏ ‏عبيد الله بن ميسرة ‏ ‏قال حدثني ‏ ‏عبد الرحمن بن مهدي ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏حماد بن سلمة ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏ثابت البناني ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏عبد الرحمن بن أبي ليلى ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏صهيب ‏
‏عن النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قال

‏ ‏إذا دخل أهل الجنة الجنة قال يقول الله تبارك وتعالى تريدون شيئا أزيدكم فيقولون ألم تبيض وجوهنا ألم تدخلنا الجنة وتنجنا من النار قال فيكشف الحجاب فما أعطوا شيئا أحب إليهم من النظر إلى ربهم عز وجل ‏

When those deserving of Paradise would enter Paradise, the Blessed and the Exalted would ask: Do you wish Me to give you anything more? They would say: Hast Thou not brightened our faces? Hast Thou not made us enter Paradise and saved us from Fire? He (the narrator) said: He (God) would lift the veil, and of things given to them nothing would he dearer to them than the sight of their Lord, the Mighty and the Glorious.


اللهم اني اسالك لذة النظر الى وجهك و الشوق الى لقائك

Allahumma innee asaluka lathatan-nadhari ilaa wajhika was-shawqa ilaa liqaa’ik

I ask You for the delight of gazing at Your Countenance and the eagerness of meeting You.

(Narrated in Nisaa’i)

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When writing anything, the first line is always one of the most difficult things and this is because the first line of any book or a letter or any document defines what is to come and defines the whole thing. So in this first line of alhamdulillahi rabb il 3aalameen, Allah has set the account straight that all praise is due to Allah.

The meaning of Hamd is praise, which is from Hamada and this is different than shukr which is from Shakara and the meaning of shukr is thanks, which applies specifically when someone just does something for us but Hamd is above this.

Al Hamd in this ayah means all the praise, and this includes all types of praise, and all praise from the begining of time til the end of time. This includes every praise that has been made, even the praise that people make of other than Allah belongs to Allah. This is because Allah is the one that created everything, so anything that could be praised He has created it and so the praise is to Him. Everything that we have and everything which we can do is because of Allah, so this phrase “Alhamdulillah” is a very comprehensive statement.

The normal rule in Arabic is that sentences would be a verbal sentence, so when you depart from that there would be a reason why. To make this a verbal sentence it could have been said “Hamidtu Allah – I praised Allah” but instead Allah did not use this kind of verbal sentence.

The way the sentence is formed “Alhamdu lillaah” is called in grammar “ismiyyat ul jumla” and has become a nominal sentence with a subject and a predicate. There are two benefits of a nominal sentence over a verbal:

1. Dawaam – Permanance: From the beginning of time until the end of time, All praise is to Allah.

2. Istimra – continuity, everything moment contained within from the beginning of time is for Allah, all praise is to Allah

To the 2nd part of the ayah:

Rabb means someone who sustains, nourishes, someone who takes something from nothing and produces it to its perfection. This is what happened with creation and the universe, Allah created it from nothing and brought it to its peak and perfection. Humans can be rabb in a lower extent, for example a father as Rabb for his daughter: helping her to grow, nourishing her, educating, but this is a limited rabb. He can be the rabb of his home but he is a limited rabb as he did not build that home from nothing, he had to bring the bricks which Allah created. Allah is the only perfect Rabb. And Allah’s being Rabb is not limited, he is not just rabb of one area or rabb of His messengers, but rather He is Rabb ul 3aalameen.

When we ponder about this, we have no choice but to say Alhamdulillah. The world 3aalam is already a plural in that it includes all the worlds you could think of, and all of humanity, jinn, animals, earth, the universe.. yet not just 3aalam, Allah has said that He is Rabb ul 3aalameen which puts the form of the word into a plural. Based on this ayah they came up with the theory that the universe is constantly expanding, because Allah’s being Rabb could never be limited. And this is what scientists are also saying nowadays. This also encompasses that Allah is Rabb of Jannah and Jahannam.


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A summary of the commentry from In the shade of the Quran on the 1st part of the ayah “alhamdulillahi rabb il 3aalameen”

The Arabic text can be found here

The first thing that is mentioned is that “alhamdulillah” should be a feeling which floods the heart of a mu2min at just the mention of Allah.

Another thing mentioned is that it is an Islamic concept to start with Alhamdulillah, and to finish with Alhamdulillah, because Allah says:

وهو الله لا إله إلا هو، له الحمد في الأولى والآخرة

of which the meaning is:

And He is Allah. There is no god but He. To Him be praise, at the first and at the last
(this is from surat al qasas – 28:70)

And it mentions about the reward of saying Alhamdulillah, it is a hasanah so much that it outweighs the scales and he mentions a hadeeth from sunun ibn majah about one of Allah’s slaves does the following dhikr:

يا رب لك الحمد كما ينبغي لجلال وجهك وعظيم سلطانك

and the angels do not even know how to write this down in the records, so they ask Allah and He says write it as my servant said, until he meets me and I reward him for it.

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“Whoever controls his anger at the time when he has the means to act upon it, Allaah will fill his heart with contentment on the Day of Resurrection.”
(Reported by al-Tabaraani, 12/453, see also Saheeh al-Jaamiâ, 6518).

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This surah is called surat al faatiha from the root f-t-7 meaning opening, this is because it is the opening of the wa7y/Allah’s revelation. However it was not the first thing to be revealed from the Quran, as we know various ayat had been revealed before this starting with “Iqra” – the first 5 ayahs from surat al 3alaq, and also ayahs from surat al qalam, al muzammil and al mudaththir. However surat al fatihah was the first complete surah to be revealed, as the previous revelations had comprised of not complete surah but rather ayaat which made up parts of those surahs.
Surat al faatihah is also an “opener” in that it opens the salah, this is the first surah which we always read in our salah.
There are several other names for this surah including: ash-shifaa, ar-ruqya, umm ul kitaab, salah, dua.
ash-shifaa and ar-ruqya refer to the surah being a healing and a cure. umm ul kitaab means that it is like the heart of the quran or a summary of the quran, and this meaning is similar to other names such as kafiya & wafiya, enough & complete
it is called as “salah” because no salah will be complete or accepted without the recitation of fatihah, as mentioned in hadeeth. and it is called dua because it is a dua, both in the sense of dua of worship/praise and dua of asking help from Allah. This is why it is recommended to say aameen after recitation of this surah (Aameen meaning “oh Allah answer by dua)

Bismillah is comprised of 3 parts:

1) B
2) Ism
3) Allah

The Ba in the Arabic language can have three different meanings:

1) With – With the name of Allah
2) Seeking help – Seeking help of the name of Allah
3) Seeking blessing – Seeking blessing with the name of Allah

Ism means name.

Allah is the name that He has selected to be the greatest of His names. It is a special word, having no feminine version and no plural in the Arabic language. This is unlike the word God in English or in other languages, so we should prefer to use the term Allah over God or other languages because it is much superior, and this is the term that Allah loves. We should not forsake this for a translation that will never have the power of the Arabic term.

There is hadeeth which mentions a dua that contains al ism al 3dham, meaning the greatest name (referring to “Allah”) will be answered/accepted. This could mean that it is answered either in dunya or in aakhira or in a different way than you expected, however this does not mean it wasnt accepted if you didnt see the result in the way in which u expected. This shows us the power of this term, the fact that when u attach a request to it using this name sincerely, Allah has told us that He will answer it.

“Bismillah” on its own is not a complete sentence. This is because it is supposed to be used in a very general way. It has the ability to contain all of the actions of the human being, for example when you say “bismillah” before starting a variety of actions: eating, making wudu, and many others. Infact rasoolallah said any important matter which is not started with “bismillah” is cut off. This means its cut off from barakah. So bismillah is an open ended phrase which can be used in different ways.

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