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Archive for the ‘RasoolAllah & Sahaba’ Category

Khubaib (RA) at the time of his ShahadahThe mushrikeen took Khubaib (RA) captive to Makkah. After staying captive for some time, the mushrikeen moved him out of the sanctuary of Makkah, and asked him for his last wish before planning to hang him. He said, “Allow me to offer two rakah of prayer”. He performed two rakah calmly and said, “had I not been afraid that you would think I was afraid of death, I would have prayed for a longer time.” So it was Khubaib (RA) who set the first tradition of praying two rakah before being executed. This tradition became a sunnah tradition for every Muslim.

He then made this supplication, “O Allah! There is no person here who will convey my salaams to the Prophet so You convey my message”. Jibreel (AS) conveyed his salams to the Prophet the same day. The Prophet replied, “And may my salaams be upon you, O Khubaib! (RA)”. And he told the gathering that the Quraysh had martyed Khubaib (RA).

The smell of musk could be scented from the blood which was flowing from the wounds as the kuffar kept him on the rope for forty days.

When Khubaib (RA) was hanged on the rope and he still had life, he said, “O Allah! count them one by one, (kill them) and do not leave anyone.” When Khubaib (RA) was cursing them, the unbelievers were fearing from his curse as they knew that it would be accepted. A year had not passed and they were all destroyed. Only one of them survived who lay on the floor at the time of the curse.

When Khubaib (RA) was hanged on the rope and his body was full of spear wounds, the unbelievers took an oath asking him, “Do you wish that the Prophet (saw) was in your place today?”. Khubaib (RA) answered, “I swear by Allah! I cannot even bear that I be let free and exchange (a thorn to prick the Prophet’s foot, may my soul be sacrificed for him).” (Fath ul Bari)

Khubaib (RA) recited these poems at the time when he was attacked, hanging on the rope:

“When I am being Shaheed as a Muslim
I do not care in what way I receive my death for Allah’s cause
If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs”
“A lot of groups have gathered without a doubt around me
They have also gathered their tribes
And have all gathered fully.
Close by, they have gathered their sons and wives,
I have approached near to a long terror which is about to end.
Everyone of them is showing his enmity towards me with full effort,
As I am tied in chains and in a place of destruction.
To Allah, I complain of my lack of energy and uneasiness.
And also of those things which they have gathered for the time of my destruction.
O Owner of the Throne (Allah)
Give me patience upon the calamity which has befallen me
My situation is that they have cut pieces of my meat
And there is less chance for any desire,
It is for Allah’s cause
If He wishes, He will bless the cut limbs,
They have moved forward because of their kufr,
Even though death is after this,
(they do not fear what will happen to them after their death)
My situation is that I am crying but there are no tears
I do not fear death as I am surely going to die
But my fear is of the surrounding fire (hell)
May Allah save me from it
I am not going to show my weakness nor fear,
Without any doubt, I am returning to Allah,
When I am being Shaheed as a Muslim
I do not care in what way I receive my death”

(narrated in the commentary of Bukhari)

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Narrated Ibn Abbas:

When (the dead body of) ‘Umar was put on his deathbed, the people gathered around him and invoked (Allah) and prayed for him before the body was taken away, and I was amongst them. Suddenly I felt somebody taking hold of my shoulder and found out that he was ‘ali bin Abi Talib. ‘ali invoked Allah’s Mercy for ‘Umar and said, “O ‘Umar! You have not left behind you a person whose deeds I like to imitate and meet Allah with more than I like your deeds. By Allah! I always thought that Allah would keep you with your two companions, for very often I used to hear the Prophet saying, ‘I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar went (somewhere); I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar entered (somewhere); and I, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar went out.”‘

(sahih Bukhari)

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Abu Dharr, the leader of the tribe of Ghifar, and one who accepted Islam in its early days, narrates:

Once I was conversing with Bilal. Our conversation gave way to a dispute. Angry with him, the following insult burst from my mouth: ‘You cannot comprehend this, O son of a black woman!’

As Islam expressly forbade all kinds of racial, tribal and colour discrimination, Bilal was both upset and greatly angered.

A while later a man came and told me that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), summoned me. I went to him immediately. He said to me:

‘I have been informed that you addressed Bilal as the son of a black woman.’

I was deeply ashamed and could say nothing. Allah’s Messenger continued his reprimand: ‘This means you still retain the standards and judgements of the pre-Islamic days of ignorance. Islam has eradicated all those false standards or measures judging people by blood, fame, colour or wealth. It has established that the best and most honourable of men is he who is the most pious and upright in conduct. Is it right to defame a believer just because he is black?’

Abu Dharr felt profound remorse. He went straight to Bilal’s house and, putting his head on the threshold, said: ‘This head will not rise from here until the blessed feet of Bilal tread on the face of foolish, impolite Abu Dharr.’

Bilal responded: ‘That face deserves to be kissed, not trodden upon’, and forgave Abu Dharr.

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We Love the Companions of the Prophet

In the Name of Allâh, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Imam Ali Ibn Abi al `Izz al Hanafi

We love the Companions of the Prophet. Nonetheless we do not go to extremes in the love of anyone of them, nor do we forsake anyone of them. But we hate him who hates them, and talks of them in an unseemly manner. As for us, we do not mention them but in good terms. Their love is religion, faith, and excellence. And their hatred is disbelief, hypocrisy and rebellion.

This is because Allah spoke well of them, as did His Messenger. Allah was pleased with them and promised them “the good.” He said:

“And the Outstrippers from among the Immigrants and the Helpers and those who followed them in good deeds, Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with Him. He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, abiding therein forever. That is the great triumph.” (Al-Tawbah, 100)

Allah also said:

“Muhammad the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him, are hard upon the unbelievers, compassionate among themselves, you see them bowing down, prostrating themselves.” (Al-Fut-h, 29)

The Sahihayn have a report narrated by Abu Sa’id al-Khudri. It says that something happened between Khalld b. Walid and ‘Abdul Rahman b. ‘Awf, Khalld said a harsh word to ‘Abdul Rahman. The Prophet (saws) said: “Don’t say harsh things to any of my Companions. If one of you were to spend gold equal to Mount Uhud, he will not achieve in any measure what any one of them achieved – not even half of that.” Thus we see that the Prophet (saws) prohibited one who had latter companionship from speaking against one who had earlier companionship. This, when a person of the stature of Khalid ibn Walid is involved, who embraced Islam before the fall of Makkah. What about him who had no share of his companionship?

Incidentally, what is narrated of the Prophet’s words, viz., “My companions are stars. Whomsoever you followed, you will be guided” is a weak report not to be found in any of the authentic collections.

However, the following is an authentic report from the Prophet. He said: “No one who pledged his hand under the tree will enter the Fire.”

‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud put it very aptly when he said describing them: “Allah looked upon the hearts of the people and found the heart of Muhammad as the best among them. So He chose him for Himself, and sent him with His message. Then He looked at the hearts of the people, after the heart of the Prophet (saws), and found the hearts of his companions as the best among the people. Therefore He made them helpers to His messenger.”

Referring to Tahawi’s words, “Their hatred is disbelief and hypocrisy,” we have already spoken over the declaration of apostasy while speaking of the innovators. This disbelief (as used by Tahawi) is of the same nature as mentioned in the words of Allah:

“And whoever did not judge by what Allah has revealed, they, such are the unbelievers.” (Al-Ma ‘idah, 44)

source

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Khabbab ibn al Arrat (ra)

Khabbab (ra) spent the early years of his life in the company of his slave mistress Umm Ammar, a woman who belonged to the tribe of Khuza‘ah in Makkah, where he served as an apprentice to one of the blacksmiths to learn the art of making swords. He soon became a master craftsman and set up his own workshop with the help of Umm Ammar and is was not long before he was known for his honesty and integrity in dealing with people as well as his fine craftsmanship.

Khabbab (ra) would spend a lot of time reflecting deeply on the state of the Arabian society which was so steeped in corruption and jahiliyyah. He was one of the victims of this tyranny and he would say to himself After the night of darkness, there must be a dawn. and he hoped that he would live long enough to see the darkness dissipate with the steady glow and brightness of a new light. Khabbab did not have to wait long as he was privileged to be in Makkah when the first rays of the light of Islaam penetrated the city, emanating from the lips of the Messenger of Allaah (saw) that none deserves to be worshipped except the Creator and Sustainer of the Universe, Allaah (swt). He (saw) called for an end to injustice and oppression and sharply criticised the practices of the Makkans.

To Khabbab (ra) the teachings of the Messenger of Allaah (saw) were like a powerful light dispelling the darkness of ignorance and without hesitation he stretched out his hand to the Messenger of Allaah (saw) in allegiance and accepted Islaam. He was among the first ten people to accept Islaam, and he did not hide his acceptance from anyone. When news of Khabbab’s acceptance of Islaam reached Umm Ammar, she gathered a gang of youths from her tribe and they went to verify this information. No sooner had Khabbab testified his belief in Allaah (swt) and that Muhammad (saw) was the servant of Allaah, the gang set upon him beating him with their fists and with iron bars and they kicked him until he fell to the ground, with blood streaming from the wounds he received.

News of what happened shocked the leaders of the Quraysh that how can someone who had no clan in Makkah to protect him and no ‘asabiyah to prevent him from injury, would be bold enough to go against his slave mistress, denounce her gods and reject the religion of he forefathers. Khabbab’s courage impressed his friends and encouraged them to announce their acceptance of Islaam, and one after another they began to publicly proclaim the message of truth. This began to cause to concern in the minds of the leaders of the Quraysh and decided that the Messenger of Allaah (saw) needed to be stopped, and that each tribe will get hold of a follower of Muhammad (saw) and punish him until he either recants his faith or dies.

On Siba‘ ibn al-Uzza and his people fell the task of punishing Khabbab even further. Regularly they began taking him to an open area in the city when the sun was at its zenith and the ground was scorching hot. They would take of his clothes and dress him in iron armour and lay him on the ground. In the intense heat his skin would be seared and his body would become inert. When it appeared that all strength had left him, they would challenge him: “What do you say about Muhammad?” He replied, He is the Servant of God and His Messenger. He has come with the religion of guidance and truth, to lead us from darkness to light.They would become furious and intensify their beating, and ask about al-Lat and al-‘Uzza and he would reply firmly: “Two idols, deaf and dumb, that cannot cause harm or bring any benefit…” This enraged them even more and they would take a big hot stone and place it on his back. Khabbab’s pain and anguish would be excruciating but he did not recant.

Umm Ammar once witnessed the Messenger of Allaah (saw) speaking with Khabbab (ra) in his workshop and everyday after that for several days, Umm Ammar punished his by placing a red hot iron bar from the furnace on his forehead; the agony was unbearable and he often fainted. His persecution along with the other Muslims went on unabated, Khabbab continued to suffer and his only recourse was to prayer. He prayed for the punishment of Umm Ammar and her brother. His release from pain and suffering only came when the Messenger of Allaah (saw) gave permission to his companions to emigrate to Medina, where the generous and hospitable Ansar gave Khabbab (ra) a state of ease and restfulness which he had not known for a long time. He was delighted to be with the Messenger of Allaah (saw), with no one to molest him or disturb his happiness. He fought alongside the Messenger of Allaah (saw) at the Battle of Badr and the Battle of Uhud where he witnessed his worst enemies perish at the hands of Hamzah (ra).

Khabbab lived long enough to witness the great expansion of the Islaamic State under the Khulufa’ar-Rashidun and he once visited ‘Umar (ra) during his time as Khaleefah where he was greeted by‘Umar himself with these words: “No one is more deserving than you to be in this assembly otherthan Bilal” He asked Khabbab about the torture and persecution he had received at the hands of the mushrikeen, and Khabbab described this in vivid detail even exposing his back and even ‘Umar was aghast at what he saw.

In the last phase of his life, Khabbab (ra) was blessed with wealth such as he had never dreamed of before. He was however well-known for his generosity, that he placed his money in a part of his house that was known to the poor and needy, so that they could just come and take what they needed without asking his permission. In spite of this he was always afraid of his accountability to Allaah (swt) for the way he disposed his wealth. A group of companions came to visit him when he was sick and he said: “In this place are eighty thousand dirhams, By Allaah, I have never secured it in any way and I have never barred anyone in need from it”

Soon after he passed away, the Khaleefah Ali ibn Abi Talib (ra) stood at his grave and said:

“May Allaah have mercy on Khabbab.
He accepted Islaam wholeheartedly.
He performed Hijrah willingly.
He lived as a Mujahid and Allaah shall not withhold the reward of one who has done good.”

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Do not let your difficulties fill you with anxiety; after all, it is only in the darkest nights that the stars shine more brilliantly.

[Ali radi Allah anhu]

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Once the prophet (salla Allahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was sitting in a room with Aisha (RA) and fixing his shoes. It was very warm, and Aisha (RA) looked to his blessed forehead and noticed that there were beads of sweat on it. She became overwhelmed by the majesty of that sight was staring at him long enough for him to notice. He (SAW) said, “What’s the matter?” She (RA) replied, “If Abu Bukair Al-Huthali, the poet, saw you, he would know that his poem was written for you.” The Prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) asked, “What did he say?” She (RA) replied, “Abu Bukair said that if you looked to the majesty of the moon, it twinkles and lights up the world for everybody to see.” So the Prophet (sallaAllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) got up, walked to Aisha (RA), kissed her between the eyes, and said, “Wallahi ya Aisha, you are like that to me and more.”

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