Posts Tagged ‘Tawbah’

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَتَنُوا الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَتُوبُوا فَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ جَهَنَّمَ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابُ الْحَرِيقِ

Hasan al basri rahimahullah said, regarding this ayah:

“contemplate the mercy of Allah; they killed His fellows though He calls them to repentence and forgiveness.”

This ayah as we know, is referring to the story of ashaab ul ukhdood, those who persecuted the believers and made a fire to throw them into it alive. Can we really think of something that is more evil than that? It is hard to get something worse than that, its really on the top level: extreme evil what they were doing to innocent people. and what was their motivation? hatred of their deen, because they were Muslims (that is made totally clear in a previous ayah: wa maa naqamoo minhum ilaa an yu2minoo billaah il 3azeez il hameed – they only hate them because they believe in Allah)

So first in the surah we get the explanation about what they have done to the believers, how they set the fire, and they are fully concious of all they are doing, of all the evil they commited, but then Allah says:

thumma lam yatooboo

then after that they did not turn back in repetence, they didn’t do tawbah for it.

okay when we read this normally its probably just without thinking too deeply: they did this, they didn’t repent for it, they go to jahannam.. that’s it.

but this point if you reflect about Allah’s saying “thumma lam yatooboo” its like subhanallah, after what they did, the door of repentence could have actually been open for them. they had that option. Allah did not cut them off from the possibilty of forgiveness, they could have done tawbah.
even after that extreme evil, they could have done tawbah. Look at the mercy of Allah, look at how forgiving Allah is; that this option was even available to them, that the possibilty of tawbah could have even been considered or mentioned for such a people.

How can anyone of us then think that we could do something and its too bad for us to turn back to Allah with repentence. The chance of repentence is even mentioned for these people, so we can never dispair of Allah’s mercy sincere tawbah can change the result of something. The way that this is mentioned in the ayah, it goes thumma lam yatooboo fa lahum jahannama…
so their being in Jahannam is a result of what? directly its a result of the fact that they did not repent. “fa” is a particle of cause and effect.
they did not repent – fa – they are in jahannam.. it shows a clear cause and effect there.

From just those few small words in the ayah if we reflect on them we can actually learn so much, & get so much out of it subhanallah.

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Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Sin may be more beneficial for a person, if it leads him to repent, than doing a lot of acts of worship. This is what is meant by the words of one of the salaf: ‘A person may commit a sin and enter Paradise because of it, or he may do an act of worship and enter Hell because of it.’ They said: ‘How is that?’ He said: ‘He may commit a sin and continues to think about it, and when he stands or sits or walks he remembers his sin, so he feels ashamed and repents and seeks forgiveness and regrets it, so that will be the means of his salvation. And he may do a good deed and continue to think about it, and when he stands or sits or walks he remembers it and it fills him with self-admiration and pride, so it is the cause of his doom. So the sin may be the factor that leads him to do acts of worship and good deeds and to change his attitude so that he fears Allaah and feels shy before Him and feels humiliated before Him, hanging his head in shame and weeping with regret, seeking he forgiveness of his Lord. Each of these effects is better for a person than an act of worship that makes him feel proud and show off and look down on people. Undoubtedly this sin is better before Allaah and is more likely to bring salvation than one who admires himself and looks down on others, and who thinks that he is doing Allaah a favour. Even if he says words that indicate something other than that, Allaah is the Witness over what is in his heart. Such a person may feel hatred towards people if they do not hold him in high esteem and humiliate themselves before him. If he were to examine himself honestly, he would see that clearly.” Madaarij al-Saalikeen, 1/299

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said:

“How often is it the case that one of us will be better after committing sin than he was before. In many instances a person errs and falls into sin, then he feels ashamed in his heart before Allaah and he turns to Him and repents to Him, so that he thinks of that sin all the time and continually regrets it and seeks forgiveness. But another person may think that he is obedient (towards Allaah) and that he is one of the people who obey and worship Him, so he starts to admire himself and does not turn to Allaah, which adversely affects his religious commitment. Allaah is Wise and may test a person with sin in order to set him straight, just as He may test a person with hunger in order to improve his health. Adam was only chosen after he had committed sin and repented therefrom.

As Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance” [Ta-Ha 20:122] i.e., after he had sinned and repented, his Lord chose him and accepted his repentance and guided him. Looks at those who stayed behind from the campaign of Tabook – what happened to them? Undoubtedly their faith increased and they attained a higher status than they had before. Could the verses concerning them that will be recited until the Day of Resurrection have been revealed if they had not done that then repented to Allaah?”

al-Sharh al-Mumti’, 3/66


Taken from this QnA

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